Elijah Dawson was born on February 1, 1781 in Virginia and died on July 21, 1858 in Indianapolis, Indiana. He married Mary Ann Hardin. She was born on June 9, 1785 and died on December 30, 1865 in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Land Patent: March 10, 1825; S36, T17N, R3E in the District of Brookville and State of Indiana containing 106 acres and 46/100’s acre.
1820 Census – Indiana, Dearborn Co, page 24— Elijah Dawson: 2 males under 10; 3 males 10-16; 1 male 26-45; 2 females under 10; 1 female 26-45; 1 person engaged in agriculture.
1830 Census – Indiana, Marion Co, Wayne Twp, pg 210: Elijah Dawson – Males: 2 under age 5; 1 age 5-10; 1age 10-15; 1 age 20-30; 1 age 40-50; Females 1 under 5; 2 age 5-10; 1 age 10-15; 1 age 40-50.
1840 Census – Indiana, Marion Co, Washington Twp, p.366: Elijah Dawson: 2 males 10-15; 1 male 15-20; 1 male 30-40; 1 male 60-70; 2 females under 5; 2 females 5-10; 1 female 15-20; 1 female 50-60
1850 Census – Marion Co, IN Washington Twp, p. 409: Elijah Dawson, age 69, farmer, real estate value 6,000, born VA; Mary age 64, born VA; Amanda age 28, born Ind; Charles age 26, born Ind; Jetterson, age 13, born Ind; James Wells, age 18, born Ind.
Children of Elijah and Mary Ann Dawson were;
Squire Dawson, Matthias Dawson, Uriah Dawson, Isabel Dawson, Ambrose Dawson, Amanda Dawson, Charles Dawson, Andrew Dawson, and Jackson Dawson.
Biographical Commemorative Record of Prominent Men of Indianapolis, J.H. Beers & Co. 1908, p.203, :
“Elijah Dawson was born in Virginia, whence he moved into Kentucky. From that State he moved into Dearborn county, Ind., and in 1823 located on a farm in Washington township, Marion county, which he bought, and on which he reared his family. There he died in July 1858 at the age of seventy-seven years. His wife, Mary (Hardin), also a native of Virginia, survived him for several years, living to be eighty four. Mr. Dawson was never identified with any church, but he believed in the golden rule, and was a good neighbor and kind friend. To him and his wife were born fourteen children, seven sons and seven daughters, all now deceased. Several of the children died in early life, those who lived to maturity besides Charles being: (1) Squire, born near Lawrenceburg, Dearborn county, was but a child when he came to Washington township, Marion county. He removed to central Illinois, and later, in the seventies, to Cowley county, Kans., where he died. He had four sons and one daughter, one of his sons, Grandison, residing at Pacific Grove, Cal. (2) Uriah, born in Dearborn County, came when a child to Washington township, later removed to Iowa, and settled near Muscatine, where he died. He had a family, but none of his children are now living. (3) Mathias, born in Dearborn county, lived and died in Washington township, Marion county. Three of his children are living, William, Ernest and Iona. (4) Ambrose, born in Dearborn county, came to Marion county when two years old and lived and died in Washington township. Three children survive him: Volney, of Broad Ripple; Sarepta, wife of Elijah foley, a farmer of Broad Ripple; and Clarissa, wife of George Kerr, residing on their farm in Washington township. (5) Andrew, born in Washington township, Marion county, moved to Illinois and thence to Kansas, making his home at Rock, Cowley county. He died at Winfield, Kansas. where he left children as follows: Susan (Mrs. Walker), Frank, Lawrence and Ferris. (6) Jackson, the youngest son, born in Washington Township, lived and died there. Three of his children are living, Marcellus H., Elmer and Ulysses G., all residents of Washington township. Of the daughters born to Elijah and Mary (Hardin) Dawson, (1) Isabel married Robert Culbertson, and of this union there is one child living, Lucellus, of Knightstown, Ind. (2) Amanda married Joseph Scofield, who died in Knoxville, Tenn. and they had one child Hannah M., who is unmarried.”